Socratics and Anti-Socratics: The Status of Expertise

The disciplinary thinker systematizes and delivers received wisdom using institutionally sanctioned techniques. The critical free thinker asks incisive questions that identify the material shortcomings and paradoxes of received wisdom when it’s put into practice. The two constitute a single movement in thinking among a community. A disciplinary approach to understanding the world becomes mainstream and institutionalized, and critics show how those mainstream ideas have become inadequate to the world in which they practice. Yet for all its questions, Socratic philosophy leaves the most important inquiry hanging: Now what?

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Anti-Socratic thinking grounds the legitimacy of expertise in disciplinary knowledge of the academy. Socratic thinking focusses on challenging that disciplinary legitimacy, on grounds that the subject matter expert misses important aspects of reality thanks to its concentration on a limited number of ways of knowing. The expert speaks with self-assured certainty, while the gadfly challenges the expert by identifying important aspects of life that the expert’s disciplinary lens misses. So Tuvel would be an expert, that expertise allowing her article to walk us through a variety of different ways to understand what a genuine transracial identity could be. Her critics would be the gadflies, interrogating the limits of Tuvel’s expertise, showing how her disciplinary approach misses aspects of transgender people’s lived reality that are critical to understanding the material possibilities of trans existence.

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Anti-Socratic thinking grounds the legitimacy of expertise in disciplinary knowledge of the academy. Socratic thinking focusses on challenging that disciplinary legitimacy, on grounds that the subject matter expert misses important aspects of reality thanks to its concentration on a limited number of ways of knowing.

Find some answers on:

Beyond Socrates: The Philosopher as Creative Craftsperson, Adam Riggio

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Frodeman, Robert. “Socratics and Anti-Socratics: The Status of Expertise.” Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 6, no. 5 (2017): 42-44.

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In Defence of Transracialism

Socrates Carnelian Gem Imprint Rome, 1stBCE1stCE.

Socrates Carnelian Gem Imprint Rome, 1stBCE1stCE. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Giant evil and danger for the country

A more than Great God to look for

 

 

God is so great, that it is well worth looking for him the whole life.

– Teresa of Avila (1515-1582), Spanish mystic during the Catholic Reformation of 16th and 17th century Spain.

 

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie > Een meer dan Grote God om naar op zoek te gaan

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  • Where God Is (simulblog.com)
    God is in the slums, in the cardboard boxes where the poor play house.
    +
    God is in the debris of wasted opportunity and lives, and God is with us if we are with them.
  • Questioning God (discoveringandsharinggrace.com)
    Some of my best early morning coffee conversations with God are those with questions. When I ask God a question, there are a variety of answers
  • God Sees Hope #InstarationDevo (armansheffey.com)
    God knows that with every misstep there is an opportunity for us to learn and grow. God knows our end from the beginning and knows that our “failings” will be our greatest teachers.
  • Don’t Try to Buy God (sanjeetv.wordpress.com)
    For war don’t try GOD
    Almighty is not asking you to kill
    +
    Keep your humanity alive
    With religion don’t try to buy GOD
  • Broken: Part 1 “God the Comforter” (getreal.typepad.com)
    We are a broken people and the difficulties of life are universal. God is called the “God of all comfort” and his character reveals this to be true. God comforts His children during their affliction in ways that supersede human-focused platitudes and religious cliches.
  • God will be your Strength (heartfixxer.wordpress.com)
    There is only one place where we can dip into an everlasting quantity of strength, and that is through God. When our own strength is fleeting and we’re feeling defeated, God will give us the strength.
  • God will answer you (yoursuccessinspirer.com)
    If somebody gave you a secret to enable you get all that God has planned for you, how would you feel? Overjoyed, I guess. There is, indeed, such a secret. You can get all that God has planned for you if you know any use this secret.
  • God’s Got My Back (brianwilliamsen.wordpress.com)
    God loves people, and when we understand that God loves people it empowers them to go and live this life full of joy, full of peace, full of confidence in who you are, knowing that no matter what happens, God’s with me. God’s got my back.
  • What is the image of God? (verityparadox.com)
    We exist in flesh due to God’s miracle of creation. But we also exist in spirit. Like God, there is a part of us that is not bound by the constraints of the physical world, and instead is ordered by the bounds of a different dimension — a different creation, also of God.
  • God Will (darealztalk.com)
    God will take care of you no matter what you’re going through. No matter the struggle, no matter the pain.

What Is Sanctification?

 

Sanctification is an immediate work of the Spirit of God on the souls of believers,
purifying and cleansing of their natures from the pollution and uncleanness of sin,
renewing in them the image of God,
and thereby enabling them, from a spiritual and habitual principle of grace,
to yield obedience unto God,
according unto the tenor and terms of the new covenant,
by virtue of the life and death of Jesus Christ.

Or more briefly:

— It is the universal renovation of our natures by the Holy Spirit into the image of God, through Jesus Christ.

The Works of John Owen, ed. William H. Goold, vol. 3: Pneumatologia: A Discourse Concerning the Holy Spirit (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, n.d.), 386.

Not to speak is to speak

The reason why we want or are not afraid to speak on this website, and give our thoughts on many ideas, even when necessary, sometimes on political ones.


“Silence in the face of evil is itself evil: God will not hold us guiltless. Not to speak is to speak. Not to act is to act.”

“Salvation is free, but discipleship will cost you your life.”

“Whenever Christ calls us, His call leads us to death.”

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“The test of the morality of a society is what it does for its children.”

“It is very easy to overestimate the importance of our own achievements in comparison with what we owe others.”

“One act of obedience is better than one hundred sermons.”

“Only he who believes is obedient and only he who is obedient believes.”



Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German Lutheran pastor, theologian, writer and poet, hanged by the Nazis two weeks before his camp was liberated for his involvement in the Abwehr plot to kill Hitler. He refused the opportunity to escape in order to protect others from retaliation. (rw)

Dietrich Bonhoeffer: “The ultimate test of a m...

Dietrich Bonhoeffer: “The ultimate test of a moral society is the kind of world that it leaves to its children.” (Photo credit: elycefeliz)

 

  • Review: Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy by Eric Metaxas (veritasdomain.wordpress.com)
    Bonhoeffer was indeed among the most interesting theologian of the twentieth century and his experience with so many countries while also being a leader of the Confessional church inside Nazi Germany put him at a whole different level beyond mere academic contribution.
  • Day 82: Dietrich Bonhoeffer (February 4, 1906 – April 9, 1945) (civildisobedience100.wordpress.com)
    Apart from his theological writings, Bonhoeffer became known for his staunch resistance to the Nazi dictatorship. He strongly opposed Hitler’s euthanasia program and genocidal persecution of the Jews. He was also involved in plans by members of the Abwehr (the German Military Intelligence Office) to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
  • Book Review: Interpreting Bonhoeffer (diglotting.com)
    How could the church support the anti-semitic propaganda, cast out Jewish-Christians from churches, and support the Nazi’s clear war-policy of aggressive offense? These are great questions that can not, and should not, be swept under the carpet of church history with an “oops”. Robert Ericksen’s essay also discusses similar topics, though with more of a focus on Bonhoeffer.
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    Something Hockenos points out is how many leaders of the German Evangelical Church (post-1945) considered Bonhoeffer’s willingness to engage in a plot to overthrow Hitler should make him be viewed as a traitor rather than a martyr! I know there is some debate over what exactly was Bonhoeffer’s role in the resistance, but assuming that he was directly (rather than indirectly) involved in the planning of an assassination attempt on Hitler’s life (and that he vocally supported the use of such violence to take out Hitler), I can see how that would make one question whether Bonhoeffer was standing on solid theological ground, but to go the next step and say that his actions meant he was only a national traitor and not a Christian martyr seems quite bizarre to me! But, alas, it appears the Confessing Church was not completely divorced from nationalism as it should have been.
  • Unbowed: (brothersjuddblog.com)
    Hans soon brought on board Bonhoeffer, who was to use his foreign contacts to gather intelligence for the resistance. Together they coordinated a daring rescue operation–brilliantly conceived by Dohnanyi–that allowed more than a dozen Jewish refugees to escape to Switzerland using false papers. Bonhoeffer called on Swiss friends, including Karl Barth, to help secure their passage.

    It wasn’t long, however, before the Gestapo had the pair in its sights, as more and more evidence linked them to the rescue operation and multiple failed attempts on Hitler’s life. After they were arrested in early April 1943, their resistance took another form: withstanding isolation and harsh interrogations and refusing to name names. Both men found sustenance in their Bibles. And their families provided indispensable support, sending letters and packages with hidden messages that helped them coordinate their responses to questioning. Unbowed to the last, they were finally hanged in April 1945.
  • Dietrich Bonhoeffer – German Lutheran pastor, theologian, dissident anti-Nazi (deadcitizensrightssociety.wordpress.com)
    +Dietrich Bonhoeffer – German Lutheran pastor, theologian, dissident anti-Nazi
    “It is the fellowship of the Cross to experience the burden of the other. If one does not experience it, the fellowship he belongs to is not Christian. If any member refuses to bear that burden, he denies the law of Christ.”“In ordinary life we hardly realize that we receive a great deal more than we give, and that it is only with gratitude that life becomes rich.”
  • Bonhoeffer the Assassin (iheartbarth.wordpress.com)
    here is newly published volume by Baker Academic that is worth checking out for those interested in the theology and life of Bonhoeffer and particularly how he steered the waters of his pacifist declarations (found most clearly in his 1937 Discipleship) and his involvement with the Abwehr‘s conspiracy to assassinate Hitler.
    +“Ethical Foundation for Resistance” – an Excerpt from Bonhoeffer the Assassin?
    Bonhoeffer gives us an “ethical foundation for resistance.” Almost immediately after Hitler assumed power, Bonhoeffer gave his radio address “The Führer and the Individual in the Younger Generation.” A few months later he wrote a prophetic essay, “The Church and the Jewish Question,” which was published in June. But even before these more obvious examples, Bonhoeffer was articulating an ethic for resistance. It was manifest in his life, his commitments, and his writings.
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    About the book: Bonhoeffer the Assassin?
  • 138) Cheap Grace (emailmeditations.wordpress.com)
    Cheap grace is the mortal enemy of our church.  Our struggle today is for costly grace.

         Cheap grace means grace as bargain-basement goods, cut-rate forgive­ness, cut-rate comfort, cut-rate sacraments; grace as the church’s inexhaustible pantry, from which it is doled out by careless hands without hesitation or limit.  It is grace without a price, without cost…

  • The Dietrich Bonhoeffer Story – podcast (songsofhope883.com)
    Today, Sunday 16th March on Songs of Hope, at 8:45 am we heard the story of Dietrich Bonhoeffer.
  • Bonhoeffer – Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy (lindentreelibrary.wordpress.com)
    In Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy—A Righteous Gentile vs. the Third Reich, Metaxas presents the fullest accounting of Bonhoeffer’s heart-wrenching 1939 decision to leave the safe haven of America for Hitler’s Germany, and using extended excerpts from love letters and coded messages written to and from Bonhoeffer’s Cell 92, Metaxas tells for the first time the full story of Bonhoeffer’s passionate and tragic romance.Readers will discover fresh insights and revelations about his life-changing months at the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem and about his radical position on why Christians are obliged to stand up for the Jews. Metaxas also sheds new light on Bonhoeffer’s reaction to Kristallnacht, his involvement in the famous Valkyrie plot and in “Operation 7,” the effort to smuggle Jews into neutral Switzerland.

    Bonhoeffer gives witness to one man’s extraordinary faith and to the tortured fate of the nation he sought to deliver from the curse of Nazism. It brings the reader face to face with a man determined to do the will of God radically, courageously, and joyfully—even to the point of death. Bonhoeffer is the story of a life framed by a passion for truth and a commitment to justice on behalf of those who face implacable evil.

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Give Thanks To God

 

Give Thanks To God

When times are lean with nought to share
When love is hard to find
Where cold nights reign with cupboards bare
Then God is on the mind

But who gives praise when life is grand
When God has seen us through
Who’ve learned in truth to understand
That God remembers too

How oft we fail to thank the Lord
For all His kindness done
Through love He’ll turn His vengeful sword
In Christ His faithful Son

Give thanks to God for large and small
Give thanks for life on earth
From deep within or not at all
Give praise for all you’re worth

Worthy is God of all our praise
For all His wondrous deeds
Who serve The Truth in all their ways
May find they have no needs

Yet still the nations live in stress
Where harvest brings defeat
They need to turn so God can bless
With food for all to eat

Yet those who have can ill afford
With belly’s full to sit
We need to pray through Christ our Lord
We need to do our bit

For things can change as times before
When God held back the rain
For who can tell if sin once more
Won’t change our times again

  ~ Michael P. Johnson

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  • Thanksgiving and Survivorship (thehopejourney.wordpress.com)
    You aren’t in your old home, you don’t have everything you once had, but God granted you so much more than this. He granted you life and joy, and a new story to tell with your survivor story. Don’t get so worked up in the day that you forget to honor and be thankful for what God has blessed you with. There is such blessing in the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords.
  • I will trust in You alone for You have never failed me before. (forging4th.wordpress.com)
    I lay before God the fears, the disappointments, the anger, the rage, and all the stuff that for over 30 years has been all part of this thing… I literally think (or have thought) in this 1 area of my life God You made some Huge colossal mistake and it has pretty much followed me all my life. Yet, As I learned on Sunday
  • My God (christianmotivations.weebly.com)
    – Just think of it, the Lord is Your God.
    – Just think of it, the Lord is perfectly faithful.
    – As you look back over this year, think of the wonderful things He has done.
    – Now begin to praise and exalt His wonderful name.
  • Praise (fwgf.wordpress.com)Praise is a spontaneous outburst of thanksgiving for a redemptive act of God
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    When praise goes up from man to God, there is always a rain of His blessings and presence; expectations, desires and needs are met.
  • God is in control! (redeemedfrancoise.wordpress.com)
    For those of us in Christ we are assured that our lives are truly in Gods hands. We may ask why do the righteous suffer though? And thats a totally understandable question. Why do our problems and sorrows increase when we become children of God? Why do the wicked seem to enjoy there lives and be prosperous while us believers seem hopeless? We have all asked similar questions to these and its caused some of us to lose hope and trust in God. But let me tell you something God is in control!
  • Jonah 1:4-7 – Wherever We Go…There Is God. (pastorgkirby.wordpress.com)
    God can use anything to accomplish His will. He is the creator. He created the earth, the sea, and the wind. Satan may be the prince of the power of the air, but God is King. The outcome of the storm is that the ship gets to the point where it is about to break apart. Don’t know about you…but I’d be terrified.
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    Jonah 1:1-3 – God Calls and We Go…But Which Way?
    God has called each one of us to His service.
    +
    We must understand something very important here. When God calls and we say “no” (and we all do from time to time), our defiance, our disobedience is against God alone. Think about that for a moment. You are openly defying the God of the universe to do what you want to do. But that doesn’t stop us does it? Just like Jonah we are fooled into believing that if we go far enough for long enough…God will forget. As if He can’t see (sounds a little like Adam and Eve in the garden).
  • Prepare (watchingforthemorning.wordpress.com)
    The governance of God will bring a restoration of right relationships – even among the wild creatures, as proclaimed in Isaiah.  It restores right relationships within the human community, uniting all peoples in a common bond of peace – as Paul exhorts the Christian community to recognize and live.
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    Counting the cost
    There is a choice to be made.  There is a price to be paid.  Following Jesus, being a child of the kingdom, living the way of God, requires something of us.
  • Jars of Clay (samboanderson.wordpress.com)
    Life sometimes gives us more than we think we can handle; pressing and confusing days that lead to feelings of persecution and abandonment. But even in these circumstances we remain uncrushed, without despair, without abandonment, and undestroyed.
  • Conversion (joliow.wordpress.com)
    We must believe that the Word of God has the power to save us. Every promise made will be fulfilled. There is nothing that God cannot do and he does so want us to be able to live fully, joyfully and in the final analysis, we need to be convinced that he loves us unconditionally.
  • God’s Faithfulness
    The Lord is faithful.  What do I mean by that?  I mean that when I talk to Him and read His Word, He always reassures my heart.  Sometimes He changes the environment, sometimes He changes the path I’ve been walking down, but always He changes me.  Every time I invest in God, He pours back into me more than I am capable of giving Him.  There is no path you walk down that He cannot alter, direct or protect you from.

 

Give thanks to the One Who gave much


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Gratefulness

Thou that hast given so much to me,
Give one thing more, a grateful heart.
See how thy beggar works on thee
By art.He makes thy gifts occasion more,
And says, If he in this be crossed,
All thou hast given him heretofore
Is lost.

But thou didst reckon, when at first
Thy word our hearts and hands did crave,
What it would come to at the worst
To save.

Perpetual knockings at thy door,
Tears sullying thy transparent rooms,
Gift upon gift, much would have more,
And comes.

This not withstanding, thou wenst on,
And didst allow us all our noise:
Nay thou hast made a sigh and groan
Thy joys.

Not that thou hast not still above
Much better tunes, than groans can make;
But that these country-airs thy love
Did take.

Wherefore I cry, and cry again;
And in no quiet canst thou be,
Till I a thankful heart obtain
Of thee:

Not thankful, when it pleaseth me;
As if thy blessings had spare days:
But such a heart, whose pulse may be
Thy praise.
~ George Herbert
(1593–1633)
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Portrait of George Herbert (poet) by Robert Wh...

Portrait of George Herbert (poet) by Robert White in 1674. From National Portrait Gallery (UK) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

O Lord that lends me life,
Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness.
~ William Shakespeare
  • George Herbert, “Easter” (sdhousedth.wordpress.com)
    Consort both heart and lute, and twist a song
    Pleasant and long:
    Or since all music is but three parts vied
    And multiplied;
    O let thy blessed Spirit bear a part,
    And make up our defects with his sweet art.
  • Sonnet: The Hand of my Beloved (davidemeron.com)
    But sweetly given me hast thou my voice,
    And moved my spirit; for my hand is thine
    To take thy gifted rest; though fear my choice:
    That rest will fall to apathy’s decline.
  • “Glory Be Unto Thee” (Bahá’í Prayer) (bahaimusic.wordpress.com)
    “I am aware, O Lord, that my trespasses have covered my face with shame in Thy presence, and have burdened my back before Thee, have intervened between me and Thy beauteous countenance, have compassed me from every direction and have hindered me on all sides from gaining access unto the revelations of Thy celestial power.
  • Sonnets to the Sundry Notes of Music (readersjoys.com)
    Long was the combat doubtful that love with love did fight,
    To leave the master loveless, or kill the gallant knight:
    To put in practise either, alas, it was a spite
    Unto the silly damsel!
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    Serve always with assured trust,
    And in thy suit be humble true;
    Unless thy lady prove unjust,
    Press never thou to choose anew:
    When time shall serve, be thou not slack
    To proffer, though she put thee back.
  • Piety Fortifies Faith (saintlysages.wordpress.com)
    Father Guibert elaborates upon the vital role of piety. He writes: “It is, properly speaking, in the region of things supernatural that piety enlightens the mind. Beyond the vast field of Nature, the phenomena and laws of which have been given over to the patient investigation of man, opens out the profound domain of mysteries. Left to itself, the mind of man cannot enter into it; but faith takes him by the hand and introduces him thereto. It says to him: ‘See thy God who has created thee; He fills the universe with His presence, while, at the same time, He is in the depths of thy heart.
    +
    “If faith is a gift so precious that the Apostle was able to say, ‘The just man liveth by faith’ (Gal 3:11), the vitality of a man’s faith will be the measure of his life; the more you believe, the more you will live. And here it is that piety comes in, for it contributes vitality and activity to the whole-hearted faith that accepts all the articles of the Creed. While faith continues slumbering, although entire, in many Christians, it is wide awake and ardent in those who are given to piety.”
  • The freedom of a horse- Artsy Tuesday (luzmariapalacios.com)
    “When god created the horse, he said to the magnificent creature: I have made thee as no other. All the treasures of the earth lie between thy eyes. Thy shalt carry my friends upon thy back. Thy saddle shall be the seat of prayers to me. And thou shalt fly without wings, and conquer without sword; oh horse.”
    ― AnonymousThe Quran
  • Ezekiel 35 (pofw.wordpress.com)
    Therefore, as I live, saith the Lord God, I will even do according to thine anger, and according to thine envy which thou hast used out of thy hatred against them; and I will make myself known among them, when I have judged thee.
    +
    We never win by holding a grudge against someone and rejoicing in their mishaps or failures. God created all of us to win. Sometimes people’s attitudes and actions cause them to be defeated. It is at those times that we must really lead as a christian. If we take pride in their fall and defeat, we will be just like this scripture, God will turn that same judgement upon us. A leader leads at all times. Our attitude and actions are being watched by many and we are the only bible many people read. Are we portraying Christ as He would have us to portray Him? We are only accountable for our own actions, what we say or do because ultimately that is what we will be judged for. God help us to let grudges go and convict us when we take pleasure in the hurt or fall of others.
  • St Augustine’s Notes on Psalm 23 (stjoeofoblog.wordpress.com)
    The Church speaks to Christ: “The Lord feedeth me, and I shall lack nothing” (verse 1 ). The Lord Jesus Christ is my Shepherd, “and I shall lack nothing.”
  • “Thou didst clothe me with skin and flesh, and knit me together with bones and sinews” (mrsmeadowsweet.wordpress.com)
    “I loathe my life; I will give free utterance to my complaint;     I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.  2 I will say to God, Do not condemn me;
        let me know why thou dost contend against me. 3 Does it seem good to thee to oppress,     to despise the work of thy hands
        and favor the designs of the wicked?
  • About Being Thankful (stuffitellmysister.me)
    Thanksgiving Eve.  I have typed and deleted my words about five times now.  My heart is thankful, but there are many things that need to change.  Things that I cannot control. So I will dwell on the good.  Blessings beyond belief.  A God that loves me.  Good health. A wonderful family.  A hubby that loves me and puts up with more than he should to provide for our family.