Happy International Happiness Day!

Happiness does not come just like that. Having today Thursday March the 20th as the International Day of happiness we can look at the elements which can make happiness coming into being and having happiness being the drive to bring more happiness to all in the world.

Important in our life is that we come to understand that we will be able to do more in our own live and in the life of others when we share the Christian brotherly love and the message of the Good News of the coming Kingdom of God. Sharing the peace of Jeshua (Jesus Christ) with others we can give them a taste of happiness which can create more productivity. Happy people accomplish more.

The world has become so materialistic they think all their productivity and gains of money will bring them happiness. But perhaps they may gain temporary worldly success, it shall not be a guaranty for happiness in their own family.

Conventional wisdom may hold that if we work hard we will be more successful, and if we are more successful, then we’ll be happy. Most people would like to hold on on that and would be happy having a great job. True without some good satisfying work it would be more difficult to build up the happiness. But it is not by winning that next promotion, being in physical good shape, belonging to those praised societies, that happiness will be fortified.

Recent discoveries in the field of positive psychology have shown that this formula is actually backward: Happiness fuels success, not the other way around. When we are positive, our brains become more engaged, creative, motivated, energetic, resilient, and productive at work. This isn’t just an empty mantra. This discovery has been repeatedly borne out by rigorous research in psychology and neuroscience, management studies, and the bottom lines of organizations around the globe.

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Please find also to read:

  1. Have a real happy day today!
  2. Leaving the Old World to find better pastures
  3. If you want to go far in life
  4. Live …
  5. Being Religious and Spiritual 1 Immateriality and Spiritual experience
  6. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
  7. By counting our blessings we not only feel good, but we multiply our good
  8. Spreading good cheer contagious
  9. Bringing Good News into the world
  10. Bringing Good News
  11. Proclaiming shalom, bringing good news of good things, announcing salvation
  12. A Small Act Of Kindness Can Bring Smile On Million Faces
  13. Make your happiness independent of circumstances and others.
  14. Show Them How..
  15. Finally Happy.
  16. How shall the film of your life be?
  17. Rest thy delight on Jehovah
  18. Foundation to go the distance
  19. When discouraged facing opposition
  20. Be happy that the thorn bush has roses
  21. Suffering produces perseverance
  22. Partakers of the sufferings
  23. Compassion and Discipline
  24. If you have integrity
  25. Faith and trial
  26. Concerning Gospelfaith
  27. Faith is knowing there is an ocean because you have seen a brook.
  28. Everything that is done in the world is done by hope
  29. Hope is faith holding out its hand in the dark
  30. Wondering
  31. The thought of losing rekindles the joy of having
  32. Joy is not in things, it is in us
  33. Joy: Foundation for a Positive Life
  34. Better loaves when the heart is joyous
  35. Happiness is like manna
  36. Thirst for happiness and meaning
  37. Happy is the person who knows what to remember of the past
  38. Happiness an inner state
  39. Remember there’s a light in the next day
  40. A concrete picture of what is to come in the future
  41. Living in faith
  42. Self-development, self-control, meditation, beliefs and spirituality
  43. The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands
  44. The truest greatness lies in being kind
  45. Whom can we trust to govern us?
  46. Commit your self to the trustworthy creator
  47. Looking forward to the return of Jesus

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Additional reading:

  1. How Can It Get Any Better Than This?
  2. Freedom is mine and I know how it feels…
  3. Negativity Spiral
  4. Living With(out) Regret and Negative Feelings
  5. Happy/ hap.py/ ‘hape/ adj
  6. Happiness Log Technique
  7. #100HappyDays
  8. Does money buy happiness?
  9. Secret to happiness
  10. Happiness Is A Feeling
  11. Finally Happy.
  12. 60 Things to Be Grateful For In Life
  13. Elusive Things
  14. Count your blessings and take time to help others
  15. “Count your blessings, name them one by one…”
  16. As We Count Our Blessings (a Mom’s Memories post) | It’s Not All Bad…
  17. Blessed
  18. Somewhere Over the Rainbow
  19. Practicing Gratitude and Thankfulness
  20. Contagious Happiness
  21. Love
  22. Where’s the Love?
  23. Is Your Message Contagious?
  24. 19 Simple Things Everyone Can Do To Make Life Easier For Each Other
  25. My current easy dream…
  26. Watch out! It’s contagious!
  27. Gloomy Thinking Can Be Contagious
  28. The Reason Some People Always Focus On The Negative
  29. Hanging in there … Week #2 MKMMA experience
  30. Gratitude – I claim my power | faithgift
  31. Thanksgiving: Gratitude | Journey Through Recovery
  32. Sugar, Spice, and the Teenage Life
  33. Where is the edge

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  • Material-Immaterial, Physical-Spiritual — the whole of Humanity (geekborj.wordpress.com)
    Humanity is BOTH physical and non-physical.  Most of the “new age” philosophy forward either pure spiritual (idealist) or pure material (materialist).
  • Immaterialism and Spirituality (onemanversustheworld.wordpress.com)
    As you do not know the path of the wind, or how the body is formed in a mother’s womb, so you cannot understand the work of God, the Maker of all things.
  • Jehovah Shalom (joanofarc77site.wordpress.com)
    I will keep my eyes focused on You Jehova Shalom and nothing will shake me from my peace.
  • Laborers for the Harvest (viktoriaveigas.wordpress.com)
    Sometimes Christians covet their fellowship with other believers and cluster together, blindly bypassing worldly seekers who are ripened for harvest. Perhaps not realizing their divine accountability for perishing souls, they busy themselves with church engagements, civic responsibilities, building maintenance, and other worthwhile projects dedicated to preserving the status quo. These are doubtless good things. Well-intentioned members sometimes question the value of evangelism or express this sentiment: Pastor, this evangelism stuff is all right, but don’t we need programs for people who are already in church?
  • 7 signs your church could be backsliding (atwistedcrownofthorns.com)
    Is your church following the Word and ways of the Lord and abhorring all that is otherwise? Is the fear of God, the love for truth and for God’s glory, and the desire to walk according to all God’s commandments prospering among the believers? When a church begins to slip it loses track of that which it must hold to firmly, it gradually and steadily drifts. Here are a few signs your church could be backsliding….
  • The Difference Between Psychology and Neuroscience (athoughtonthemind.wordpress.com)
    Most people consider cognitive neuroscience a branch of psychology but some people (often neuroscientists) consider psychology a branch of neuroscience. So which is it? And what’s the difference anyways?

    To address these questions, we need to start with some definitions. Lets start with psychology. According to the American Psychological Association (and also Wikipedia), psychology is the study of mind and behaviour. Neuroscience, on the other hand, is the study of the biological underpinnings of mind and behaviour.

  • Why are materialists less happy? (io9.com)
    The latest word on how to be happy: be more appreciative of the things you have. Newly published research out of Baylor University finds materialistic people are less happy in large part because of their lack of gratitude.
  • How Happiness Directly Impacts Your Success (forbes.com)
    I reached out to Shawn to learn more about how our brains in “positive” mode versus negative, neutral or stressed actually give us an enormous advantage in life and work, and how we can influence our minds to embrace more happiness through our daily actions.  This Happiness Advantage as Shawn calls it can be the difference between leading a fulfilling, joyful and successful life and living far beneath our potential (see his book The Happiness Advantage: The Seven Principles of Positive Psychology That Fuel Success and Performance at Work for more).
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    What specifically impacts our happiness and how can we shift it?
    The three greatest predictors of happiness are optimism (the belief your behavior will eventually matter), social connection, and how we perceive stress (as a challenge or as a threat).  If we want to raise happiness we need to make both mindset and behavior shifts.

    What are the five key steps that we can take each day to increase our experience of happiness?

    1)      Bring gratitude to mind – Write down three NEW things that you are grateful for each day

    2)      Journal – About a positive experience you’ve had recently for 2 minutes once a day

    3)      Exercise –  Engage in 15 minutes of mindful cardio activity

    4)      Meditate – Watch your breath go in and out for 2 minutes a day and

    5)      Engage in a random, conscious act of kindness –  Write a 2-minute positive email thanking a friend or colleague, or compliment someone you admire on social media

  • Shannon Polly, MAPP, to Present at International Day of Happiness Conference Sponsored by en*theos (entheos.com) (virtual-strategy.com)
    Positive Business DC today announced that co-founder Shannon Polly, MAPP was selected to present at the International Day of Happiness free conference sponsored by en*theos, coinciding with the United Nations’ International Day of Happiness. en*theos, a popular website with over 275,000 members, was launched to help people optimize their lives and actualize their potential through providing the best content and tools on “Optimal Living.”

    The International Day of Happiness event is featuring 19 speakers with the respected Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) degree held by less than 300 people in the world. Those with a MAPP degree are considered experts in well-being and the application of positive psychology.

    “I am honored to be part of en*theos’ International Day of Happiness virtual conference. Their focus on empowering people to embrace their personal strengths and recognize their larger purpose in the world around them is inspiring” said Shannon Polly, MAPP.

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Food as a Therapeutic Aid

Nobody would say we do not need our daily food. By that most people would only think of the bread, vegetables and meet that comes onto the table. Most would forget how important it is also to have our brains fed with enough life-giving energy.
The daily nutrients of our material food is important to keep our mind going in good order. But it also needs spiritual food, a regular ‘fitness program’ of thinking and considering. We have to keep our mind busy to keep it healthy. One of the most precious nutrients can be found in the Bible or Holy Scriptures. Even those who do not believe in a God Creator shall be able to find enough exercises for their mind, to examine their position on this earth and how we should behave or live.

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We may also not forget the environment, nature but also the people around us. Their are very important to put us at ease.  Family members and people around us who are supportive and capable of giving tender, loving care are the energisers we need. But they also can pull us down, by giving too much negative input. And we better do away with all negative energy which may surround us.

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Thinking positive and looking at live form the bright site will help us to live nicely and to get enough energy to tackle all the minor and bigger problems which we like any other person will get at us.

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The Creator has let us know that we should actively learn new things and should help each other to grow. Therefore we should meet regularly and edify each other. On a daily basis we should feed our mind with the Word of God. We should not be content by reading those words just once, but we should train our brains like a sportsman has to train every day. god has given us nature with everything in it what we need. We should be happy with it and should not try to find more in chemically produced products. We should take care that the world, earth, water and sky the Creator has provided for us stays clean. Recycling, choosing less processed foods, and picking natural products over more commercialized ones can help nourish the environment and keep the bad elements away from our body.

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Looking around we should try to protect the creation of the Most High. Every day we should count our blessings in our life and be thanking others for their generous love and care. Being thankful to others and to God, whose love we should be willing to share with others, so that we can give them also the energy the Supreme Being provides for us.

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Let us not forget that we should give perhaps even more attention to our spiritual health than our physical health. When the mind is not feeling well the body is for sure not feeling well either and even becoming sick.
In a certain way we do have perhaps to prioritize our emotional health and work preventively by providing our ‘soul’ with right stuff.
At the same time we need to learn to deal with our physical and our spiritual health, learning how to treat physical and emotional wounds. We can monitor our mood and self-esteem and take actions to boost them when they are low. We can adopt the daily practice of emotional hygiene. And by doing these things, we can significantly boost our emotional wellness, our happiness and our overall life satisfaction.

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From the article to remember:

  • Food needs are very specific and we require a wide variety to supply all the necessities for our health.
  • People whit problems, may need more or less of some foods than other people.
  • “Spiritual food” is as essential for our health as physical food.  = especially for our emotional health, but even to some extent for our physical health.
  • Body  chemistry, thought patterns and spiritual resources are all factors in emotional problems.
  • Basic to both mental and spiritual health is physical health.

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  • Is Balance Possible? Can Wellness be Achieved? Things I’ve Learned This Past Year. (katshealthcorner.wordpress.com)
    1. Wellness is not one-dimensional.
    2. Balance, Health, and Wellness relate but differ in their meanings.
    3. Stress can be a good thing and a bad thing.
    4. Starvation can occur on a macronutrient and a micronutrient basis.
    5. “Crying is not a sign of weakness. Since birth it’s been a sign of life.”
    6. Laughing is the best kind of medicine.
    7. Sleep is an important nutrient.
    8. “When we stop learning we stop growing.”
    9. Setting goals has an incredible impact on our lives.
    10. Quality is better than quantity.
    11. My body is a temple.
  • What Your Emotional Health Has in Common With Cinderella (wonderfultips.wordpress.com)
    When you sustain an emotional injury like a severe rejection or a big failure, if you’re burdened by unresolved guilt or feel trapped by loneliness, when your mind is hijacked by brooding and worrying or when your self-esteem is low — do you “treat” these emotional wounds in any way? Do you take steps to make sure they don’t “fester” and get worse? Do you take any regular action to monitor and protect your emotional health? What is the emotional or psychological equivalent of brushing and flossing you practice on a daily basis?
  • Input – Output effects on Physical Health (ankurlearningsolutions.wordpress.com)
    While there are certain foods that are bad for all and not advisable for anyone, there is no thumb rule to distinctly classify food as good or bad. Anything in extreme is not advisable. Balance is the key. The following factors decide what food is good for you:
    Your Life-style
    Your Life-goals
    Your Life-stage and gender
    Your Body Constitution
    Mental Constitution (Gunas)
  • Every moment, every thing is spiritual. (hardknocksphd.wordpress.com)
    Nowhere is the spirit something separate – in the Hebrew language it is our emotional, mental, and moral being. It is us. In fact, the last line says that the spirit (specifically referring to God’s spirit) is never referred to as a depersonalized force. The spirit is as much a part of us as the physical. In fact, when the body dies, the ruwach is gone. They are linked. Without ruwach, their is no body. And without a body, the ruwach is gone.
  • Reframing health (inlaurensopinion.com)
    Too often as a society we’re trained on one aspect of health. Levels of obesity, rising preventable disease, more sedentary life styles and things constantly talked about. Magazines cover the latest diet plans and fitness schemes, pledging that we can all look like one celebrity or another within what seems a very achievable amount of time. The whole idea of spirituality is foreign to many simply because it has been tied so heavily to religion, as opposed to connection, a sense of purpose within your life, living to your values.
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    To me, spirituality is about living a purposeful, connected life. Knowing what your values are and doing your best to live a life that is true to them. Practicing mindfulness and gratitude, and adopting reflective practices, are just some ways in which we can increase this side of our health.
  • Feed the Body and Nourish the Soul this Thanksgiving – Eat with an Attitude of Gratitude! (mindandoneness.com)
    Many of us are engaged in a constant battle with food, struggling to maintain good nutrition and healthy eating habits, or battling body image issues or even worse eating disorders, but like so many things this is in part because we have come to see food as ‘routine’ and ‘everyday’ seeing only the physical dimension of food, while ignoring its other aspects. But we now have a wonderful opportunity – with Thanksgiving and the Holiday season fast approaching – to begin to think differently about our approach to food, the way we eat, and how we connect to our food.
  • How To Avoid Spiritual And Mental Indigestion – Harold Herring (findmedicalsolutions.com)
  • Holistic health (slideshare.net)
  • 4 Ways to Eat the Blues Away (practicalpsychblog.com)
  • 6 Secrets To Slim And Stress-Free Holidays (wonderfultips.wordpress.com)

Here's to Your Health!

Food as a Therapeutic Aid

Food needs are very specific and we require a wide variety to supply all the necessities for our health.  Individuals differ in the amounts of nutrients required for their bodies.  Additionally, people who are under stress, or who have allergies, or have certain inherited characteristics, may need more or less of some foods than other people.  Foods that we need are carbohydrates, protein, fats, a wide range of vitamins and minerals, and water.

“Spiritual food” is as essential for our health as physical food.  This is true especially for our emotional health, but even to some extent for our physical health.  There are some interesting analogies between physical food needs and spiritual food needs, as you will find in the chapter, “Beginning Spiritual Life,” in my 1998
“At Eden’s Gate: Whole Health and Well-Being.”

Some people think that emotional or mental problems are “all in…

View original post 1,275 more words

Thanksgiving wisdom: Why gratitude is good for your health

How many are really giving the word ‘Grateful’ its right meaning: causing pleasure and having a due sense of benefits, expressing gratitude?

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In the article

  1. The season for being thankful
  2. A moment to reflect on the positive things in life and not the bad
  3. Gratitude good for your health
  4. Effects of  “positive psychology
  5. Needs of our society to raise a generation that is ready to make a difference in the world
  6. Powerful motivator in people of all ages
  7. Positive outlook on life
  8. Influece of Positive thinking
  9. Dopamine, the body’s “feel-good” reward chemical
  10. The brain’s reward system
  11. Satisfaction in life
  12. Pro-social behaviours
  13. Feelings of depression and anxiety

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  • 16 Thanksgiving Quotes About Gratitude and Grace (thestir.cafemom.com)
    Happy Thanksgiving! It’s that one day of the year when everyone — even the crankiest of the bunch — should be sitting down to take stock of the good in life and say thank you. If it were a perfect world, we’d all express our gratitude daily. But it’s not always easy to know what to say.
  • Gratitude (toddlohenry.com) > Gratitude (kristinbartoncuthriell.com)
    “With a grateful heart you don’t have to search for happiness. You will find it all around you. For it is gratitude that clears the fog that covers the magic in life. With the fog lifted, you will see things, wonderful things, that have been there all along- a snowflake, a rainbow, a kind smile, a gentle hug. A grateful heart will open your eyes to the magic that surrounds you.” -Kristin Barton Cuthriell
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    7 Habits Of Grateful People
    Ralph Waldo Emerson once said that in order to achieve contentment, one should “cultivate the habit of being grateful for every good thing that comes to you, and to give thanks continuously.”

    Turns out Emerson — who explored the meaning of a good life in much of his work — wasn’t far off when it comes to what we now know about counting one’s blessings. Research is continually finding that expressing thanks can lead to a healthier, happier and less-stressed lifestyle.

    “Life is a series of problems that have to be solved — and a lot of times those problems cause stress,” says Dr. Robert Emmons, gratitude researcher and psychology professor at the University of California, Davis. “Gratitude can be that stress buster.”

  • Have You Built a Thankful Company? (inc.com)
    A recent study found that only 10 percent of Americans thanked a colleague on any given day, and just 60 percent reported they never or extremely rarely express gratitude at work.
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    The trouble is building a culture of gratitude at work isn’t easy. Bosses often worry that expressions of thanks are less than genuine (i.e. butt kissing in disguise), while workers a little lower down the food chain have told researchers they worry giving thanks could make them seem weak or invite colleagues to take advantage of them.
  • Why this Brit Loves Thanksgiving (leonaurarhodes.wordpress.com)
    Gratitude is a powerful tool to reduce stress and increase wellbeing because it focuses your attention on the good things in your life, past and present. Often we get caught up in our busy lives and fail to stop for a moment and notice the good things and to celebrate them, no matter how small. That is why I have created this gratitude meditation to share with the world, so if you have just 5 minutes to spare, I’d love you to listen, you never know it might just be good for your brain!
  • The Power of Gratitude (aclearplace.com)
    Being thankful for what you have is the surest way to love where you are. If you are not happy with your place or your space, you have the power to change it. It’s called gratitude. You can shift your world by blessing it. Start right now by looking around your room and saying thank you. When you walk into your home say thank you. Practice mindful placement of your belongings. And always give and receive with gratitude.Giving thanks begins in the heart. It’s where all healing starts. Connect with your heart-self by bringing nature close to you. Its energy will lift you and your space. Simple. A single flower is a good way to start.
  • Five Myths about Gratitude (venitism.blogspot.com)
    Even armed with years of scientific data, making the case for gratitude can still be an uphill battle. At times I’ve been confronted with objections, reservations, or flat out hostility to the idea that gratitude is a virtue, or that we should devote more energy to cultivating an attitude of gratitude.
    While I appreciate the questions and concerns people have about gratitude, I think many of the objections are based on fundamental myths or misconceptions about what gratitude really is. And unfortunately, these misconceptions deter people from practicing gratitude—and reaping its many rewards.
  • 5 Quotes about Gratitude (adreamerswife.com)
    I thought that I’d share five bits of wisdom about thankfulness!
  • The Beauty of the Gratitude List (chavonneawright.wordpress.com)
    My daily gratitude list reminds me to stay grateful for even the little things–there have been days when the only things I felt thankful for were breathing and sunshine. Of course, when you remember the smaller things, the big things come to mind, too. In light of the holiday, I thought I’d share my list for Thanksgiving Eve 2013
  • Giving Thanks Could Be Good for You (news.health.com)
    Many people may think of gratitude as a “passive” gesture — you wait for something good, then feel grateful, said David DeSteno, a professor of psychology at Northeastern University, in Boston. DeSteno studies the effects that thankfulness can have on people’s behavior.

    But a growing body of research is suggesting the opposite is true, according to DeSteno: By choosing to feel gratitude, people can make positive changes in their lives.

    “Gratitude isn’t passive reflection. It’s active,” DeSteno said. “And it’s not about the past. It’s there to help direct our behavior in the future.”

    In experiments where he and his colleagues set people up to feel grateful, they found that thankfulness appeared to spur participants to act in more cooperative, less selfish ways.

  • Gratitude: Not just for Thanksgiving – Give thanks and improve your health! (suzannemansell.com)
    Dr. David Hamilton, PhD, author of “How Your Mind Can Heal Your Body,” spoke about the connection between the brain, behavior and emotions. He noted that our brains don’t distinguish whether something is really happening versus whether we’re imagining something is happening. He explained a phenomenon called “emotional contagion”
  • Giving Thanks (thehobbyhoarder.com)
    Sharing our gratitude doesn’t have to be–and shouldn’t be–an event that is confined to forced conversation over turkey once a year. Showing gratitude is something that we should continuously practice day in and day out. Gratitude is a hobby that travels far beyond the remnants of the turkey coma after your Thanksgiving feast.
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    embrace the moment—be grateful for the moment. Be grateful for yourself.
  • 22 Reminders of How to Be a More Grateful Person. (elephantjournal.com)
    There are ways to cultivate gratitude. Write down what you’re grateful for. Say it out loud. Remind yourself of the good things in life. This is not to say, “be a happy, positive person all the time.” Plastering a fake smile on your face isn’t really going to help.
  • Gratitude Isn’t Always Easy For Me: My Top 5 List « Swim In The Adult Pool
  • Does Thanksgiving have a place at work? | dp@large
  • 4 Little Ways to Infuse Life with Gratitude
  • The Magic of Thanksgiving: A Harvest from the Seeds of Gratitude
  • 3 Good Things: How Gratitude Heals
  • Giving Thanks | SWYM

Bible containing scientific information

Does the Bible contain scientific information unknown at the time?

Answered by  

Some attempts to find scientific knowledge in the Bible are misplaced. For example, in Isaiah 40:22 the ‘circle of the earth’ does not describe the earth as a sphere; the Hebrew word for ‘circle’ is used, not the Hebrew for ‘sphere’ or ‘ball’. However, the Bible does contain information which has historically been of considerable scientific value.

Demythologizing the cosmos

Aristotle

Aristotle (Photo credit: Lawrence OP)

Unlike every other Ancient Near East cosmology, the Bible describes the universe in naturalistic terms. The sun, moon, and stars are inanimate objects rather than gods, the universe was not created from the recycled body parts of divine beings, and the universe operates according to fixed laws. Early Jewish and Christian commentators understood that nature is regular and orderly, since everything in nature takes place according to fixed laws which God has instituted, which never change. [1] [2]

This concept of the universe, which we take for granted, was revolutionary in the Ancient Near East and was not even approached by the Greeks until around the 4th century BCE. In fact the inadequacy of Greek science led to a complete dead end. [3] Unable to free itself completely from mythology, Greek science finally stagnated and failed to advance any further. [4] Western science was not revived until the 6th century CE Christian philosopher John Philoponus challenged the pagan cosmology inherited from the Greeks. [5]

“Expositio et quaestiones” in Aristoteles De Anima by Johannes Buridanus, 1362?.

A pagan Greek philosopher,  Proclus, had written a massive polemical commentary explicitly criticizing the Biblical description of the universe and its origin, on the grounds that it was scientifically unsupportable. Philoponus destroyed Proclus’ arguments in his reply, demonstrating the many flaws in Proclus’ work. [6] He also wrote numerous commentaries on Aristotle’s works which identified their errors, using the Biblical cosmology as his tool. [7]  This breakthrough was instrumental in the formation of Western science as we know it. [8] Philoponus’ work was used by later scientific investigators such as such as Bonaventure, Gersonides, Buridan, Oresme, Gianfrancesco Pico della Mirandola, Galileo Galilei, and Isaac Newton, all of whom made significant scientific progress as a result.

The universe had a beginning

Philoponus had defended the Christian cosmology, deriving powerful arguments from observations of the universe that it must have had a beginning, and that it was finite in duration. He singlehandedly debunked the greatest pagan philosopher and cosmologist in recorded history (Aristotle), as well as burying Proclus’ criticism of the Christian cosmology. Later Jewish and Christian cosmologists throughout the medieval era made similar arguments, based on the same observations. Christian scientists from Francis Bacon to Isaac Newton all understood this, for centuries.

Incredibly, some of the greatest 20th century scientists such as Eddington and Einstein claimed it could not be true (apparently Einstein later said it was possibly the greatest error in his career). Eddington even admitted he didn’t want it to be true, for philosophical reasons. [9] It was only recently that scientific evidence for the ‘Big Bang’ proved that the universe did indeed have a beginning and would have an end, contrary to what many scientists had believed.

Health & hygiene regulations

Examples of cleansing rituals (and other commandments), carried out under the Law of Moses with excellent hygiene benefits include:

  • Carrion is not to be eaten (Leviticus 7:24)
  • The examination and cleansing of objects known to have come into contact with infectious persons, and their destruction if they are unable to be cleansed (Leviticus 13)
  • The quarantine and routine inspection of those suffering from infectious diseases, and the washing or destruction of objects touched by that individual while infected (Leviticus 13, 14)
  • Dwellings known to be infected with mold are to be repeatedly cleansed and examined until the mold has been completely removed, persons in the dwelling to wash themselves and their clothes, any physical material in the house which carries the mold is to be disposed of outside the residential area (and replaced with new material), and if the dwelling cannot be cleansed or if the mold keeps reoccurring the entire dwelling is to be destroyed and the debris disposed of outside the residential area (Leviticus 14)
  • Men and women with abnormal genital discharges were to wash themselves and their clothes, if they touched anyone or anything without washing their hands that person or thing had also to be washed (Leviticus 15)
  • Cleansing rituals involved washing with running water, avoiding the danger of stagnation and the transmission of infection by contaminating a static body of water with unclean material (Leviticus 15)
  • Those in contact with a dead body to wash themselves and their clothes, and any open container which was in a room where a person had died was to be considered unclean, together with its contents (Numbers 19:11-20)
  • Latrines to be dug well clear of residential areas (Deuteronomy 23:12-13)

Historical, medical, and scholarly commentary on these passages has noted the value of these instructions. [10] [11] [12] [13] George Washington actually used and enforced the hygiene rules in the Law of Moses to improve the health of his troops, and to give them a significant advantage over their English enemies, who were not so aware. [14]

Egyptian medical science was crippled by its belief in the supernatural cause of many illnesses. [15] The Law of Moses never attributed sickness to supernatural evil such as demons (unlike the nations around them). This gave them a tremendous advantage when approaching the issue of health and medicine. [16] [17]


References

[1] Sirach chapter 16, verses 26-28, 180-175 BCE.

‘When the Lord created his works from the beginning, and, in making them determined their boundaries, he arranged his works in an eternal order, and their dominion for all generations. They neither hunger not grow weary, and they do not abandon their tasks. They do not crowd one another, and they never disobey his word.’

[2] Basil of Caesarea, ‘Hexamaron’, chapter 5, sections 10, 370 CE.

‘It is this command which, still at this day, is imposed on the earth and, in the course of each year, displays all the strength of its power to produce herbs, seeds, and trees. Like tops, which after the first impulse continue their evolutions, turning upon themselves, when once fixed in their center; thus nature, receiving the impulse of this first command, follows without interruption the course of ages until the consummation of all things.’

[3] John McKenna, article ‘John Philoponus, Sixth Century Alexandrian Grammarian, Christian Theologian and Scientific Philosopher’, Quodlibet Journal, Volume 5, Number 1, January 2003.

‘The Greek concept of God caused a deep confusion between cosmology and theology and was a dead-end to science, as we know it in our time.’

[4] Wilderberg, ‘John Philoponus’, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

‘Reading Philoponus as well as the writings of his great adversary Simplicius, one gets the sense that in the 6th century CE, traditional pagan Greek learning had become desperately insular.’

[5]  Dan Graves, ‘Aristotle’s Earliest Creationist Critic’, 1998.

‘A widespread religion of Philoponus’s time was pantheism, a belief system that sees God as equivalent to nature. In his rejection of this, Philoponus argued that the Creator transcends nature rather than being within it. Having been created, nature exists without constant intervention by God. This radical conception shocked the pagans who believed the gods were imbedded within the material universe.’

[6] Wilderberg, ‘John Philoponus’, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

‘The Athenian Neoplatonist Proclus (c. 411-485), the teacher of Philoponus’ own teacher Ammonius, had written a defense of the pagan Greek (Aristotelian, Platonist) belief in the eternity of the world. His aim was to show that Christian creationism was intellectually untenable.’

‘Like the polemic against Proclus, Against Aristotle is mainly devoted to removing obstacles for the creationist. If Aristotle were right about the existence of an immutable fifth element (ether) in the celestial region, and if he were right about motion and time being eternal, any belief in creation would surely be unwarranted. Philoponus succeeds in pointing to numerous contradictions, inconsistencies, fallacies and improbable assumptions in Aristotle’s philosophy of nature relating to these claims. Dissecting Aristotle’s texts in an unprecedented way, he time and again turns the tables on Aristotle and so paves the way for demonstrative arguments for non-eternity.’

[7] John McKenna, article ‘John Philoponus, Sixth Century Alexandrian Grammarian, Christian Theologian and Scientific Philosopher’, Quodlibet Journal, Volume 5, Number 1, January, 2003.

‘However, of greatest important is Philoponus’ cosmology, based upon his monotheism. Believing that heaven and earth were both created by God ex nihilo  he vehemently attacked Aristotle’s assumptions with regard to the eternity of the universe and its dichotomy into a heavenly and sublunary region.’

[8] Dan Graves, ‘Aristotle’s Earliest Creationist Critic’, 1998.

‘Philoponus’s application of Christian theology to physics prefigured a new era in science. The Alexandrian scholar was the first to combine scientific cosmology (the study of the nature of the universe) with monotheism and the Christian doctrine of creation. In doing so, Philoponus anticipated not only the findings but also the methods of modern science.’

‘Philoponus’ replies anticipated the great Renaissance scientists Galileo (1564-1642) and Simon Stevin (1548-1620).’

[9] Arthur Eddington, ‘The End of the World: From the Standpoint of Mathematical Physics’, Nature, volume127 (1931), p. 450.

‘Philosophically, the notion of a beginning to the present order is repugnant to me.’

‘I should like to find a genuine loophole.’

Eddington also acknowledged that the theory of the universe expanding, as proved by Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity, was a powerful argument for the truth of the Biblical description of the universe as having a beginning (Eddington, ‘The Nature of the Physical World’).

‘Religion first became possible for a reasonable man of science in the year 1927’

[10] C. Singer and E. A. Underwood, ‘A Short History of Medicine’, 1962.

‘Among the physicians of classical antiquity we find no consistent view of transmission of infection by contact. Indeed the whole idea of infection was effectively absent from them, so that preventive measures based upon them could not be developed. It was reserved for the Middle Ages to conceive serious official measures against spread of epidemics. These measures were constantly derived from the leper ritual of the Bible with its fundamental concept of isolation.’

[11] Kim Taylor, ‘Toxic Mold Assessment: Mitigation, and Prevention’, Federal Facilities Environmental Journal (Summer 2004), p. 60.

‘The first documented residential mold assessment and remediation was reported in the Old Testament (Leviticus 14) in which identification, evaluation, and cleanup methods were described. The cleanup methods described in Leviticus have not significantly changed in the present day.’

[12] Peter M Baldwin, ‘Contagion and the State in Europe, 1830-1930′ (1999), p. 5.

‘The ancient Jews had been the first to develop not only the rules of contagionist prophylaxis detailed in Leviticus, but had also formulated other pertinent aspects of public hygiene: a weekly day of rest, protection of the food and water supply, concern with abnormal discharges of the genitals and more general bodily cleanliness, including perhaps (if one is willing to attribute also functional motives to religious rituals) circumcision.’

[13] T Thulchinsky & E Varavikova, ‘The New Public Health: An Introduction for the 21st Century’ (2000).

‘The Hebrew Mosaic Law of the five Books of Moses stressed prevention of disease through regulation of personal and community hygiene, reproductive and maternal health, isolation of lepers and other “unclean conditions”, and family and personal sexual conduct as part of religious practice.’

‘It also laid a basis for medical and public health jurisprudence. Personal and community responsibility for health included a mandatory day of rest, limits on slavery and guarantees of the rights of slaves and workers, protection of water supplies, sanitation of communities and camps, waste disposal, and food protection, all codified in detailed religious obligations.’

‘Food regulation prevented use of diseased or unclean animals, and prescribed methods of slaughter improved the possibility of preservation of the meat.’

‘The Mosaic Law, which forms the basis for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, codified health laws for the individual and for society, all of which have continued into the modern era as basic concepts in environmental and social hygiene.’

[14] Colonel Robert Anderson, Office of the Surgeon General Department of the Army of Washington, ‘The Evolution Of Preventive Medicine In The United States Army, 1607-1939′ (1968).

‘Like Pringle, Brocklesby, Tilton, and others, Washington invoked the Mosaic sanitary code, as stated in the Fourth and Fifth Books of Moses in the King James Version of the Old Testament, Numbers 5: 1-4 and Deuteronomy 23: 12-14. This is shown in the facsimile reproduction (fig. 7) of the broadside of his general orders for the Army under the command of Brigadier General McDougall, issued at Head Quarters, Peeks-Kill [in October? 1777]. A copy of this broadside (43) is reprinted as appendix A, p. 189. In this broadside, Washington refers to Moses as “the wisest General that ever lived, for he was inspired.” He might also, with good reason, have referred to him as “the Founder of Preventive Medicine,” as proclaimed by Wood and others (44).’

[15] The Eber Papyrus (a collection of Egyptian medical texts).

‘When thou meetest a large tumour of the God Xensu  in any part of the limb of a person, it is loathsome and suffers many pustules to come forth; something arises therein as though wind were in it, causing irritation. The tumour calls with a loud voice to thee: it is a tumour of the God Xensu. Do nothing there against.’

[16] Ashland Theological Journal, (29:170), review ‘Powers of Evil: A Biblical Study of Satan & Demons’ (1997).

‘In contrast to contemporary Ancient Near-Eastern texts, the OT makes no reference to demon possession or exorcism, nor do the people exhibit undue fear or fascination with these spirits.’

[17] Richard Hess, ‘Review: A Reassessment of the Priestly Cultic and Legal Texts’, Journal of Law and Religion, Volume 17, #1/2 (2002), p. 378.

‘Milgrom argues that there is a basic distinction between the religious understanding of spiritual forces in the ancient Near East and in Israel. In the former, priests used rituals and incantations to thwart the evil powers and intentions of demons. P eliminated the world view that held demons responsible for the evil in the world. In its place, people were to be held responsible for the wickedness. In this sense, people replaced demons.’

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Picture of Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei and A...

Picture of Isaac Newton, Galileo Galilei and Albert Einstein (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Replies:

  • Russell Hamner

    your looking for the wrong kind of science, it is indeed political science and social science that has been hidden from you. do some research and reasoning. moses came down the mountain with two tablets, leviticus for the oganization of religion for social science, and deuteronomy for the oganization of political science, seperated by numbers which tells you to count all who are able to go to war i.e. government, and not to count the levites i.e. religion. in effect separation of church and state, so.. the covenant of god demonstrates the seperatio of church and state, the constitutionalist formed the united states, and the constitution on the seperation of church and state or in other words they formed them on the covenant of god.

    look out into your world and watch… it is coming to and end as you know it, soon the kingdom will come upon you as a thief in the night, for god has revealed his purpose, the wheel she is big and she turns very slowly but yet it comes, and yet it is upon you. repent for the kingdom of god is upon you lest the wheel crush you under its heel.

  • Brandy Williams

    Oh my did you all do your home work, however, I have a slightly different outlook. I think that the Bible is full of many different types of sciences; social, medical, governmental, and personal. Even archeologicly. While being the written word of God the practical uses for everyday life was amazing and the governmental applications the best ever displayed. If we all followed them now maybe we wouldnt be in these messes. Socially all the knowledge you need is to love thy neighbor as thy self and it is a magor undertaking to do so at times. I call that art a science! Personally why would you follow Gods order for all the different types of tithing its built to make you prosper and geez at the amount of training it takes to do that! Another science to me. We dig stuff up out of the dirt all the time that proves that the people of biblical times had to be smart ie the babylonian light bulb! I think we tend to over think things instend of practality, we need to focus on what is at hand. Why should any of us care how we make it to the other side as long as Jesus is our center. All we should do is focus on making the time we are given a type of heaven on earth and seek His kingdom first, treat others as we would be treated and watch a move of God spring from the works of our faith and hope. You know those things unseen. What good is it to be a believer is waiting to die some horrible death? Even though I may give myself up to be burned my life now is so much more important than how I leave this life and enter the next. Focus boys focus! Who is our focus?! Nothing but Jesus!

  • Michael

    Russell, I’m not sure where you came up with this perspective but I see several errors you might want to resolve. God was to be the King of the Jews, the same God that inhabited the Temple, the same God that will rule with “a rod of iron.” The Jews did not obey the “separation of church and state” proscribed in the tablets, they rejected God in doing so. (1 Sam. 8:7) God appointed the kings, all the way to the Messiah through the same line. The two tablets don’t separate “church and state,” we don’t even know how many words were on each. The logical split, however, first reveals our relationship with God (commandments 1-4) and then reveals our relationship with each other (commandments 5-10). Leviticus vs. Deuteronomy? Deuteronomy, literally, means “second law,” but practically it is the second “telling.” Those that were present at the time of the first reading had perished, judged for doubting God and His character. Those who had grown up or been born during those forty years then received the same law. “it is indeed political science and social science that has been hidden from you. do some research and reasoning”??? Considering what you wrote, I would encourage you to do the same. “the wheel she is big and she turns very slowly…lest the wheel crush you under its heel”??? Mixed metaphors doesn’t come close, there is no heel on a wheel, oh my! Read Genesis over again, and once you understand who the “seed of the woman” is and the references to bruising, move on, but slowly.

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    Galileo Galilei. Portrait by Ottavio Leoni. De...

    Galileo Galilei. Portrait by Ottavio Leoni. Detail. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Additional reading:

  1. Deliverance and establishement of a theocracy
  2. Festival of Freedom and persecutions
  3. Observance of a day to Remember
  4. Were allowed to willfully break the Law of Moses
  5. Relapse plan

+++

  • Evidence from science, philosophy and history against Mormonism, the Church of Latter Day Saints (LDS) (winteryknight.wordpress.com)
    “In contrast to the self-sufficient and solitary absolute who creates ex nihilo (out of nothing), the Mormon God did not bring into being the ultimate constituents of the cosmos — neither its fundamental matter nor the space/time matrix which defines it. Hence, unlike the Necessary Being of classical theology who alone could not not exist and on which all else is contingent for existence, the personal God of Mormonism confronts uncreated realities which exist of metaphysical necessity.
    +
    Mormons believe in an eternally existing universe, such that matter was never created out of nothing, and will never be destroyed. But this is at odds with modern cosmology.The Big Bang cosmology is the most widely accepted cosmology of the day. It is based on several lines of evidence, and is broadly compatible with Genesis. It denies the past eternality of the universe. This peer-reviewed paper in an astrophysics journal explains. (full text here)
  • Mathematical Cosmology – Math, Physics, Cosmos (mountainviewranchstore.com)
    Mathematical cosmology seeks to explain the often complicated theories of our universe.
  • Jerry Coyne’s Twisted History of Science and Religion (forbes.com)
    In his latest post on the topic, he promotes the false belief that there is a fundamental conflict between science and religion, and he even makes the wild (and admittedly unproven) claim “that had there been no Christianity, if after the fall of Rome atheism had pervaded the Western world, science would have developed earlier and be far more advanced than it is now.” (For some thoughts on that theory, see this post.)Historians have long realized that the great conflict between science and religion is a myth. But it continues to be an article of faith among the New Atheists. In contrast to his views on evolution, Dr. Coyne thinks that he can ignore the evidence from history and disregard the settled view of experts in the field. But, being a scholar and a rational man, we’re sure that he will change his mind if shown to be wrong.
    +
    Steven Weinberg said it best, ‘science is a corrosive to religion .. and it’s a good thing too’. The church fought hard and long to keep the earth as the centre of the universe, to keep mankind as a result of ‘special creation’, to keep disease and natural disaster as a product of god’s wrath due to the evil of mankind. Anything that might damage the ‘faith and morals’ of the common folk was forbidden regardless of it’s truth .. not exactly a pro-science view. (Edward MacGuire)
    +
    Enter Copernicus. His book caused a massive change in the way people thought about the universe. If you think this was a problem for the church: It was even more of a problem for the universities. Copernicus actually delayed the publication of his book, not because he was worried about the church, but because he worried about the academics! If I recall the history correctly, this was more than just a new model: It was “experimental” mathematics. (Izak Burger)
  • ‘Less Than 1 in 479 Million’: Mathematician Calculates Impossibility of Contriving Creation Account (christiannews.net)
    A mathematician with a historical timeline organization has calculated that there is less than a 1 in 479 million chance that Moses, the author of Genesis, made up the Biblical creation account.Margaret Hunter is owner of Bible Charts and Maps: an organization that produces the Amazing Bible Timeline. The timeline is a circular chart that portrays Biblical events—based on the scholarship of Bishop James Ussher—alongside other significant historical happenings. According to Bible Charts and Maps’ website, over 50,000 people have purchased the Amazing Bible Timeline.
    +Hunter quoted a letter from the Smithsonian Department of Anthropology, which says “the Bible, in particular the historical books of the Old Testament, are as accurate historical documents as any that we have from antiquity and are in fact more accurate than many of the Egyptian, Mesopotamian, or Greek histories.”

    Ultimately, says Hunter, “The Bible is not a book of mythical stories of made up people fighting made up enemies, but a factual history confirmed by archaeological evidence at least as far back as archaeology has been able to take it.”

  • How to falsify a religion using scientific or historical evidence (winteryknight.wordpress.com)
    I notice that a lot of new atheists seem to think that “I don’t like it” can refute a religion. What I often see among atheists is this tendency to set up expectations of how God would have acted and then complain that he doesn’t met those expectations. I don’t think that this is a good way to argue against a religion, because it’s subjective. God isn’t obligated to comport with atheist expectations.So in this post, I wanted to show how a reasonable person can evaluate and reject different worldviews using evidence.
  • With Lines and Angles – Euclid – Changed the World – One Person (onepersonchangedtheworld.wordpress.com)
    In the Elements, Euclid deduced the principles of what is now called Euclidean geometry from a small set of axioms. Euclid also wrote works on perspective, conic sections, spherical geometry, number theory and rigor.
  • What Caused the Big Bang? A Master Mason and Knight Templar Offers a Unique New Approach to Multiverse Cosmology (prweb.com)
    “In the pages of “What Caused the Big Bang?, I introduce a striking new cosmology that transcends the models of Divine Creation and a spontaneous Big Bang that had no cause.””My book is written for people who are spiritual but not religious, who respect science but are not atheists,” Augustine noted. “If you have no use for the creation story in the Bible and likewise find the claim that the Big Bang just ‘spontaneously happened’ to be unconvincing, then you may indeed like what my book has to offer.”
  • Rare edition of the Bible on display in the Quad Cities (radioiowa.com)
    A very rare edition of the Bible is now on display in the Quad Cities. It’s a copy of the first hand-written and hand-illustrated Bible in more than 500 years, that was commissioned by Saint John’s University in Minnesota, and took 15 years to complete.