The Memorial Title

Actually “YahwEH” (is given to MoshEH) is the Memorial Title given in Exodus in 3:15 (that is the third person singular form); the first person form is EhyEH (Exodus 3:14), and that name is for the Father Himself and unto Himself only. We know it has long been common for many Hebrew Males to have “EL” or “EH” in the last Syllable of their names is because of the words like “El Shaddai”, “Eloah”, “Elohiym”, and then the ending syllable of the divine ones and their conjugations having “EH” in them… MASCULINE, NOT FEMININE (“-ah”)…

Conjugations (p.=person). “|” = Syllable Divider.
1st p. h: אהיה :h Eh|yEH = I exist (I am)
2nd p. h: תהיה :h Tih|yEH = You exist (You are)
3rd p. h: יהיה :h Yih|yEH = He exists (He is)
1st p. h: אהוה :h Eh|wEH = I exist (I am)
2nd p. h: תהוה :h Tih|wEH = You exist (You are)
3rd p. h: יהוה :h Yih|wEH = He exists (He is)

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El Shaddai Jehova der Abraham erschienen

“Im Anfang schuf Gott die Himmel {Im Hebr. steht das Wort “Himmel” immer in der Mehrzahl} und die Erde.” (1 Mose 1:1 ELB)

“Und Abram war 99 Jahre alt, da erschien Jehova dem Abram und sprach zu ihm: Ich bin Gott, {El} der Allmächtige; wandle vor meinem Angesicht und sei vollkommen. {S. die Anmerkung zu Kap. 6,9}” (1 Mose 17:1 ELB)

“2 Und Gott redete zu Mose und sprach zu ihm: Ich bin Jehova. 3 Und ich bin Abraham, Isaak und Jakob erschienen als Gott, {El} der Allmächtige; aber mit meinem Namen Jehova habe ich mich ihnen nicht kundgegeben.” (2 Mose 6:2-3 ELB)

“Wer ist dir gleich unter den Göttern, Jehova! Wer ist dir gleich, herrlich in Heiligkeit, furchtbar an Ruhm, Wunder tuend!” (2 Mose 15:11 ELB)

“Nun weiß ich, daß Jehova größer ist als alle Götter; denn in der Sache, worin sie in Übermut handelten, war er über ihnen.” (2 Mose 18:11 ELB)

“Und er sprach: Du vermagst nicht mein Angesicht zu sehen, denn nicht kann ein Mensch mich sehen und leben.” (2 Mose 33:20 ELB)

“4  Höre Israel: Jehova, unser Gott, ist ein einziger Jehova! {d. h. einzig und allein derjenige, welchem der Name Jehova zukommt. (Vergl. Sach. 14,9)} 5 Und du sollst Jehova, deinen Gott, lieben mit deinem ganzen Herzen und mit deiner ganzen Seele und mit deiner ganzen Kraft. 6 Und diese Worte, die ich dir heute gebiete, sollen auf deinem Herzen sein. 7 Und du sollst sie deinen Kindern einschärfen und davon reden, wenn du in deinem Hause sitzest, und wenn du auf dem Wege gehst, und wenn du dich niederlegst, und wenn du aufstehst. 8 Und du sollst sie zum Zeichen auf deine Hand binden, und sie sollen zu Stirnbändern sein zwischen deinen Augen; 9 und du sollst sie auf die Pfosten deines Hauses und an deine Tore schreiben.” (5Mose 6:4-9 ELB)

“Denn den Namen Jehovas will ich ausrufen: Gebet Majestät {W. Größe} unserem Gott!” (5Mose 32:3 ELB)

“Dein, Jehova, ist die Größe und die Stärke und der Ruhm {O. die Herrlichkeit} und der Glanz und die Pracht; {O. die Hoheit, Majestät} denn alles im Himmel und auf Erden ist dein. Dein, Jehova, ist das Königreich, und du bist über alles erhaben als Haupt;” (1 Chronik 29:11 ELB)

“Und das Haus, das ich bauen will, soll groß sein; denn unser Gott ist größer als alle Götter.” (2 Chronik 2:5 ELB)

“Siehe, Gott {El} ist zu erhaben für unsere Erkenntnis; {W. ist erhaben, so daß wir nicht erkennen} die Zahl seiner Jahre, sie ist unerforschlich.” (Hiob 36:26 ELB)

“Lasset ab und erkennet, daß ich Gott bin! Ich werde erhöht werden unter den Nationen, ich werde erhöht werden auf Erden.” (Psalmen 46:10 ELB)

“Ein Lied, ein Psalm. {Eig. Ein Psalm-Lied} Von den Söhnen Korahs. Groß ist Jehova und sehr zu loben in der Stadt unseres Gottes auf seinem heiligen Berge.” (Psalmen 48:1 ELB)

“Und deine Gerechtigkeit, o Gott, reicht bis zur Höhe; du, der du große Dinge getan hast, o Gott, wer ist wie du?” (Psalmen 71:19 ELB)

“Gepriesen sei Jehova, Gott, der Gott Israels, der Wunder tut, er allein!” (Psalmen 72:18 ELB)

“Und erkennen, {O. damit sie erkennen} daß du allein, dessen Name Jehova ist, der Höchste bist über die ganze Erde!” (Psalmen 83:18 ELB)

“Keiner ist wie du, Herr, unter den Göttern, und nichts gleich deinen Werken.” (Psalmen 86:8 ELB)

“Denn wer in den Wolken ist mit Jehova zu vergleichen? Wer ist Jehova gleich unter den Söhnen der Starken?” (Psalmen 89:6 ELB)

“Wie groß sind deine Werke, Jehova! sehr tief sind deine Gedanken.” (Psalmen 92:5 ELB)

“3 Denn ein großer Gott {El} ist Jehova, und ein großer König über alle Götter; 4 In dessen Hand die Tiefen der Erde, und dessen die Höhen der Berge sind; 5 Dessen das Meer ist, er hat es ja gemacht; und das Trockene, seine Hände haben es gebildet. 6 Kommet, lasset uns anbeten und uns niederbeugen, lasset uns niederknien vor Jehova, der uns gemacht hat! 7  Denn er ist unser Gott, und wir sind das Volk seiner Weide und die Herde seiner Hand. Heute, wenn ihr seine Stimme höret, 8 Verhärtet euer Herz nicht, wie zu Meriba, wie am Tage von Massa in der Wüste; 9 Als eure Väter mich versuchten, mich prüften, und sie sahen doch mein Werk!” (Psalmen 95:3-9 ELB)

“Denn du, Jehova, bist der Höchste über die ganze Erde; du bist sehr erhaben über alle Götter.” (Psalmen 97:9 ELB)

“Er hat Erlösung gesandt seinem Volke, seinen Bund verordnet auf ewig; heilig und furchtbar ist sein Name.” (Psalmen 111:9 ELB)

“Denn ich weiß, daß Jehova groß ist, und unser Herr groß vor allen Göttern.” (Psalmen 135:5 ELB)

“Groß ist Jehova und sehr zu loben, und seine Größe ist unerforschlich.” (Psalmen 145:3 ELB)

“Und Jehova der Heerscharen wird im Gericht erhaben sein, und Gott, der Heilige, sich heilig erweisen in Gerechtigkeit. -” (Jesaja 5:16 ELB)

“Und einer rief dem anderen zu und sprach: Heilig, heilig, heilig ist Jehova der Heerscharen, die ganze Erde ist voll seiner Herrlichkeit!” (Jesaja 6:3 ELB)

“Jehova der Heerscharen, den sollt ihr heiligen; und er sei eure Furcht, und er sei euer Schrecken.” (Jesaja 8:13 ELB)

“Und wem wollt ihr Gott {El} vergleichen? Und was für ein Gleichnis wollt ihr ihm an die Seite stellen?” (Jesaja 40:18 ELB)

“Ich, ich bin Jehova, und außer mir ist kein Heiland. {O. Retter, Helfer}” (Jesaja 43:11 ELB)

“Erschrecket nicht und zittert nicht! Habe ich es nicht von längsther dich hören lassen und dir verkündet? und ihr seid meine Zeugen. Gibt es einen Gott {Eloah} außer mir? und es gibt keinen Fels, ich weiß keinen.” (Jesaja 44:8 ELB)

“Denn so spricht der Hohe und Erhabene, der in Ewigkeit wohnt, {O. bleibt} und dessen Name der Heilige ist: Ich wohne in der Höhe und im Heiligtum, und bei dem, der zerschlagenen und gebeugten Geistes ist, um zu beleben den Geist der Gebeugten und zu beleben das Herz der Zerschlagenen.” (Jesaja 57:15 ELB)

“Wer sollte dich nicht fürchten, König der Nationen? denn dir gebührt es. Denn unter allen Weisen der Nationen und in allen ihren Königreichen ist gar niemand dir gleich,” (Jeremia 10:7 ELB)

“Als einen lieblichen Geruch werde ich euch wohlgefällig annehmen, wenn ich euch aus den Völkern herausführe und euch aus den Ländern sammle, in welche ihr zerstreut worden seid, und ich mich vor den Augen der Nationen an euch heilige {d. h. mich heilig erweise.}” (Hesekiel 20:41 ELB)

“Und ich werde meinen großen Namen heiligen, der entweiht ist unter den Nationen, welchen ihr entweiht habt in ihrer Mitte. Und die Nationen werden wissen, daß ich Jehova bin, spricht der Herr, Jehova, wenn ich mich vor ihren Augen an euch heilige {d. h. heilig erweise.} -” (Hesekiel 36:23 ELB)

“Und ich werde mich groß und heilig erweisen, und werde mich kundtun vor den Augen vieler Nationen. Und sie werden wissen, daß ich Jehova bin.” (Hesekiel 38:23 ELB)

“Der König antwortete Daniel und sprach: In Wahrheit, euer Gott ist der Gott der Götter und der Herr der Könige, und ein Offenbarer der Geheimnisse, da du vermocht hast, dieses Geheimnis zu offenbaren.” (Daniel 2:47 ELB)

“Und es wird geschehen, ein jeder, der den Namen Jehovas anrufen wird, wird errettet werden; denn auf dem Berge Zion und in Jerusalem wird Errettung {O. werden Entronnene} sein, wie Jehova gesprochen hat, und unter den Übriggebliebenen, welche {O. wen} Jehova berufen wird.” (Joel 2:32 ELB)

“Denn alsdann werde ich die Lippen der Völker in reine Lippen umwandeln, damit sie alle den Namen Jehovas anrufen und ihm einmütig dienen.” (Zefanja 3:9 ELB)

“Betet ihr nun also: Unser Vater, der du bist in den Himmeln, geheiligt werde dein Name;” (Matthäus 6:9 ELB)

“Jesus aber sprach zu ihm: Was heißest du mich gut? Niemand ist gut als nur Einer, Gott.” (Markus 10:18 ELB)

“Denn große Dinge hat der Mächtige an mir getan, und heilig ist sein Name;” (Lukas 1:49 ELB)

“Gott ist ein Geist, und die ihn anbeten, müssen in Geist und Wahrheit anbeten.” (Johannes 4:24 ELB)

“1  Dieses redete Jesus und hob seine Augen auf gen Himmel und sprach: Vater, die Stunde ist gekommen; verherrliche deinen Sohn, auf daß dein Sohn dich verherrliche. 2 Gleichwie du ihm Gewalt gegeben hast über alles Fleisch, auf daß er allen, die du ihm gegeben, {Eig. auf daß alles, was du ihm gegeben, er ihnen usw.} ewiges Leben gebe. 3 Dies aber ist das ewige Leben, daß sie dich, den allein wahren Gott, und den du gesandt hast, Jesum Christum, erkennen.” (Johannes 17:1-3 ELB)

“Ich habe deinen Namen geoffenbart den Menschen, die du mir aus der Welt gegeben hast. Dein waren sie, und du hast sie mir gegeben, und sie haben dein Wort bewahrt. {O. gehalten}” (Johannes 17:6 ELB)

“25 Gerechter Vater! und die Welt hat dich nicht erkannt; ich aber habe dich erkannt, und diese haben erkannt, daß du mich gesandt hast. 26 Und ich habe ihnen deinen Namen kundgetan und werde ihn kundtun, auf daß die Liebe, womit du mich geliebt hast, in ihnen sei und ich in ihnen.” (Johannes 17:25-26 ELB)

“Und es wird geschehen, ein jeder, der irgend den Namen des Herrn anrufen wird, wird errettet werden.” {Joel 2,28-32}” (Apostelgescht 2:21 ELB)

“denn das Unsichtbare von ihm, sowohl seine ewige Kraft als auch seine Göttlichkeit, die von Erschaffung der Welt an in dem Gemachten wahrgenommen {O. erkannt, mit dem Verstande ergriffen} werden, wird geschaut-damit sie ohne Entschuldigung seien;” (Römer 1:20 ELB)

“denn jeder, der irgend den Namen des Herrn anrufen wird, wird errettet werden”. {Joel 2,32}” (Römer 10:13 ELB)

“O Tiefe des Reichtums, sowohl der Weisheit als auch {O. und der Weisheit und} der Erkenntnis Gottes! Wie unausforschlich sind seine Gerichte und unausspürbar seine Wege!” (Römer 11:33 ELB)

“4  was nun das Essen der Götzenopfer betrifft, so wissen wir, daß ein Götzenbild nichts ist in der Welt, und daß kein [anderer] Gott ist, als nur einer. 5 Denn wenn es anders solche gibt, die Götter genannt werden, sei es im Himmel oder auf Erden (wie es ja viele Götter und viele Herren gibt), 6 so ist doch für uns ein Gott, der Vater, von welchem alle Dinge sind, und wir für ihn, und ein Herr, Jesus Christus, durch welchen alle Dinge sind, und wir durch ihn.” (1 Korinther 8:4-6 ELB)

“nach dem Evangelium der Herrlichkeit des seligen Gottes, welches mir anvertraut worden ist.” (1 Timotheus 1:11 ELB)

“Denn Gott ist einer, und einer Mittler {O. da ist ein Gott und ein Mittler} zwischen Gott und Menschen, der Mensch Christus Jesus,” (1 Timotheus 2:5 ELB)

“Denn der Christus ist nicht eingegangen in das mit Händen gemachte Heiligtum, ein Gegenbild des wahrhaftigen, sondern in den Himmel selbst, um jetzt vor dem Angesicht Gottes für uns zu erscheinen;” (Hebräer 9:24 ELB)

“Und wir haben erkannt und geglaubt die Liebe, die Gott zu uns hat. Gott ist Liebe, und wer in der Liebe bleibt, bleibt in Gott und Gott in ihm.” (1 Johannes 4:16 ELB)

“Und die vier lebendigen Wesen hatten, ein jedes von ihnen für sich, je sechs Flügel; ringsum und inwendig sind sie voller Augen, und sie hören Tag und Nacht nicht auf zu sagen: {W. sie haben …  keine Ruhe, sagend} Heilig, heilig, heilig, Herr, Gott, Allmächtiger, der da war und der da ist und der da kommt!” (Offenbarung 4:8 ELB)

“und sprachen: Wir danken dir, Herr, Gott, Allmächtiger, der da ist und der da war, daß du angenommen hast deine große Macht und angetreten deine Herrschaft!” (Offenbarung 11:17 ELB)

“Und ich hörte den Altar sagen: Ja, Herr, Gott, Allmächtiger, wahrhaftig und gerecht sind deine Gerichte.” (Offenbarung 16:7 ELB)

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Bibel, Schwert des Geistes, in die Einheit des Glaubens und der Erkenntnis des Sohnes Gottes

El Shaddai Die verscheen voor Abraham

El Shaddai ’Eternel et Dieu puissant Qui apparut à Abraham

El Shaddai Who appeared unto Abraham

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God die Almagtige ’n Gees Wie geen mens kan sien en nogtans lewe nie

God die Almachtige Geest die geen mens kan zien

Allmächtige Gott denn kein Mensch wird leben, der Dich sieht

Deutsch: Martin Luthers, Schulerbibel. PWB. St...

Martin Luthers, Schulerbibel. PWB. Stuttgart, 1938 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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Marriage of Jesus 9 Reason for a new marriage

Asherah goddess of heaven by some called also the Wife of Yahweh

 

Drawing on ancient inscriptions that mention “Yahweh and his asherah,” some scholars (notably William Dever in Did God Have a Wife? Archaeology and Folk Religion in Ancient Israel) have in recent years posited that the ancient Israelites worshipped Asherah and other deities alongside Yahweh, the God of the Old Testament. In the previous chapter I tried to show you that Yahweh’s supposed wife Asherah was no part of the real followers of the One True God YHWH יהוה {Jehovah} of Hosts is his Name, the Holy One of Israel or better:  the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl.

A Revealer between many gods

A certain Andy on the bible Gateway Blog writes:

That the ancient Israelites worshiped many different gods is not news to anyone who has read the Old Testament. Although God revealed himself to His people as the one and only true God (even singling out Asherah worship for condemnation), the Israelites, surrounded by other nations that worshiped many gods, constantly backslid into idolatry. This idolatry didn’t always take the form of an outright denial of God—rather than denying Yahweh, the Israelites would often start worshipping other deities (like Asherah) alongside Yahweh; or sometimes they would worship Yahweh in a way that he had expressly forbidden. Much of the Old Testament describes theforbiddenworshipofpagangodslikeAsherahandtheBaals and the failure of Israel’s leaders to outlaw such cults. {Did God have a wife?}

Cover of "Did God Have A Wife? Archaeolog...

Cover via Amazon

Writings from the world

In the previous chapter I showed you God’s amazement at Israel’s constant backsliding into idol worship, despite all that God had done for them. I mostly spoke about the Old World except at the end when I looked at the prophetic writings in the Bible and compared it to the situation today, about what we have seen happening in several churches.

 I also wanted to warn you how we do have to be careful for writings from the world and so called findings, which are not exactly historically proven to be genuine. We have seen that many people try to bring a lot of attention to the Gnostic writings and to more contemporary writings as the Da Vinci Code. In such writings there may be spoken of a wife for God and a wife for Jesus, but nowhere in the Bible is this even hinted at.

 It is not because we can find in those papyrus manuscripts chunks of the same Bible texts that we may assume they original writings to be taken serious. I do believe many of them were retroactively rewritten to falsify the record. As I told previously it is strange that God did not protect such writings like He did with the other canonic writings. Everything which was notated in one language and translated in other languages, could be compared to early and later writings, which compared with manuscripts found much later but written much earlier confirmed the writings we had or have so far.

Human or spiritual needing or not having sexual appetite

English: Noah's testament with God

Noah’s testament with God (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Abrahamic God is not a God recognisable as a human figure needing sex like the other gods of the pantheon. The God of Moses, who is the same God of Jesus has no sexual qualities or desires.

When there is spoken about Asherah in the Bible she is not depicted as God’s wife. The true believers of God do not need to see or find a God with the same attributes as themselves or as any human being. We are made in the likeness of God, so naturally many attributes we do have come from God. But because God is a Complete God of gods, without any deficiencies we may assume that those elements which can weaken us can not be found by the Most High God. Sexuality is such one of the elements God does not have to have.

Canaanite and other gods

Robert Wright writes in his book The Evolution of God:

Many scholars have said no. Indeed, in Kaufmann’s view, the “non-mythological” nature of Yahweh “is the essence of Israelite religion” and sets Israelite religion “apart from all forms of paganism,” certainly including native Canaanite religion.

There is doubly bad news for those who, like Kaufmann, would hail Yahweh as a clean break from pagan myth. First, there are signs that the break wasn’t so clean—that, like so much else in the history of religion, it was more evolutionary than revolutionary. Second, when you try to trace this evolution, you see that Yahweh’s family tree may contain something even more scandalous than an early fusion with the Canaanite deity El. It may be that Yahweh, even while inheriting El’s genes, somehow acquired genes from the most reviled of all Canaanite deities: Baal.… {Did Yahweh have a wife? Excerpt from Chapter 5: Polytheism: The Religion of Ancient Israel}

Virgin Queen of heaven

Astarte, the goddess, the Queen of Heaven, whose worship Jeremiah so vehemently opposed.

From the previous posting you may also have come to the conclusion that God Himself who told Jeremiah that He was grieved by the idol worship of the “queen of heaven“, would than also not be married to such a queen. Many ancient sky goddesses got that title and later the Roman Catholic Church added their “queen of heaven”  or the “Blessed Virgin Mary”  The fact that archeologists have found Asherah in Samaria is not surprising when you know that according to biblical history, about half of the kings of Israel worshipped other gods and built altars and Asherah to them.

Concerning that wife of Yahweh, I presented Biblical writings where the position of the Only True God and His people is presented, under the figurative way of speaking about the relationship and bond or covenant between a husband and his wife. I do hope that you  readers came to see that  “that wife” is not Asherah or any other cultic goddess. The wife is none other than God’s people. In the Word of God (the Bible) the Creator compared His relationship with a young man youth who married a virgin, and as the bridegroom at such an occasion would rejoice, joyeth over the bride,
so shall He who is the God of gods, the Elohim rejoice over them.

“For as a young man marrieth a virgin, so shall thy sons marry thee; and as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so shall thy God rejoice over thee.  (6)  I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem; they shall never hold their peace day nor night: ye that are Jehovah’s remembrancers, take ye no rest,  (7)  and give him no rest, till he establish, and till he make Jerusalem a praise in the earth.  (8)  Jehovah hath sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give thy grain to be food for thine enemies; and foreigners shall not drink thy new wine, for which thou hast labored:  (9)  but they that have garnered it shall eat it, and praise Jehovah; and they that have gathered it shall drink it in the courts of my sanctuary.” (Isaiah 62:5-9 ASV)

Zion and Backsliding children

God could only see His people wandering off many times, though He often called them and asked them to remember what He had done for them:

“Return, O backsliding children, says Jehovah; for I am married to you. And I will take you, one from a city, and two from a family; and I will bring you to Zion.” (Jeremiah 3:14 VW)

aka. the Moabite Stone (2007-05-19T14-10-19.jp...

aka. the Moabite Stone (2007-05-19T14-10-19.jpg) Mesha Stele: YHWH, the god of Israelites as mentioned in the Moabite inscription in line 18 (context: and I took from there tvessels (or hearths) of YHWH and I dragged them before the face of Kemosh). Transliteration (modern Hebrew characters): יהוה (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This Zion is also a bride to the Most high. in Jerusalem shall be His bed, his throne, which will be given to one of the sons of Adam, who would be the righteous son of Abraham and son of king David. This young man would become the new wife but also the new husband. Zion or Tzion for The God of Abraham is the spiritual point from which reality emerges, located in the Holy of Holies of the First, Second and Third Temple. It was that what was build up by God. as happens more in the Holy Scriptures Jerusalem and the Jewish people are personified. Naming the holy city “daughter Zion” was a common practice in the Hebrew language. Not only Jerusalem was called this way, but also Babylon, Tyre and Tarshish were referred to as “daughter”. In the New Testament the Daughter of Zion is the bride of Christ, also known as the Church, according to the writer of the book of Hebrews (see Hebrews 12:22). In this sense the lower hill with the temple mount is of course the Daughter of Zion as a geographical or ‘earthly’ manifestation of spiritual reality, as well as the lively and alive place of the human congregation.

“on the contrary, you have come to mount Tziyon, that is, the city of the living god, heavenly Yerushalayim; to myriads of angels in festive assembly;” (Hebrews 12:22 CJB)

God having been married to Israel, the People of God; His son Jeshua (Jesus Christ) shall be married to the spiritual Israel, which is the Body of Christ or the Church.

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Preceding articles:

 Marriage of Jesus 1 Mary, John, Judas, Thomas and Brown

 Marriage of Jesus 2 Standard writings about Jesus

 Marriage of Jesus 3 Listening women

 Marriage of Jesus 4 Place of the woman

 Marriage of Jesus 5 Papyrus fragment  in Egyptian Coptic

 Marriage of Jesus 6 Jesus said to them “My wife”

 Marriage of Jesus 7 Impaled

 Marriage of Jesus 8 Wife of Yahweh

 To be continued with:

 Marriage of Jesus 10 Old and New Covenant

 

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Additional reading:

  1. Another way looking at a language #6 Set apart
  2. Trusting, Faith, Calling and Ascribing to Jehovah #4 Transitoriness #2 Purity
  3. Catholicism, Anabaptism and Crisis of Christianity
  4. Looking for True Spirituality 6 Spirituality and Prayer
  5. How long to wait before bringing religiousness and spirituality in practice
  6. Self inflicted misery #7 Good news to our suffering
  7. Signs of the Last Days
  8. Misleading Pictures
  9. A Living Faith #4 Effort
  10. Reflect on how much idolizing happens
  11. 8 fears caused by the fear of Man
  12. Wishing lanterns and Christmas
  13. Christmas, Saturnalia and the birth of Jesus
  14. Irminsul, dies natalis solis invicti, birthday of light, Christmas and Saturnalia
  15. Easter: Origins in a pagan Christ
  16. Hellenistic influences
  17. Position and power
  18. Politics and power first priority #1
  19. If we, in our prosperity, neglect religious instruction and authority
  20. God’s wisdom for the believer brings peace
  21. Worship and worshipping

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Also of interest:

Did God Have a Wife?

  • Never Mind Jesus–Did God Have A Wife? (theatlantic.com)
    The recently revealed “evidence” that Jesus had a wife deserves those quotation marks. As various people have argued, a fragment of text written centuries after the crucifixion doesn’t carry much weight as a biographical source. However, when it comes to the question of whether Jesus’s father had a wife, the evidence is stronger. And I’m not talking about Joseph, but, rather, about Jesus’s heavenly father–God.
  • Asherah, Wife of God (fractalfortress.wordpress.com)
    Asherah is a Semitic “mother goddess” who appears in several ancient sources. She was loved by the Jews, Akkadians, Hittites, Canaanites, Sumerians, and possibly the Ancient Egyptians. Due to syncretism, she absorbed the traits of the Goddess Athirat. Her titles are similarly many and include Queen of Heaven, Creator of the Gods, Lady of the Sea, and Holiness.Contrary to what you may believe, Jews were not always monotheistic: the worship of many deities was at one time a common and acceptable practice. Monotheism came late to Israel’s history. During this early time period, some scholars believe, the Goddess Asherah was worshipped alongside Yahweh, the god of the Bible. We can find evidence of this in the “Good Book” itself: in 2 Kings 21:7, Manasseh builds a statue of Asherah, and Solomon builds temples to many deities. Goddess figurines, along with numerous references to “Yahweh and his Asherah,” have also been unearthed in Israel. Furthermore, biblical verses that describes God as mother [Deut 32:18; Num 11:12-13; Isa 45:9-10, 49:15; 66:13] were probably absorbed from Asherah.
  • Asherah – the Queen of Heaven, who is Astarte and Ishtar (magickwyrd.wordpress.com)
    In biblical text the Goddess Asherah was worshiped in the temple Solomon built for Yahweh in Jerusalem. In the Book of Kings, we’re told that a statue of Asherah was housed in the temple and that female temple personnel (2 Kings 21:7) wove ritual textiles for her. Ancient texts, amulets and figurines unearthed primarily in the ancient Canaanite coastal city called Ugarit, now modern-day Syria, include reference to Yahweh and Asherah. Inscriptions are found asking for blessings together from Yahweh and Asherah, which reveals that God was not alone and his wife was a revered Goddess who had a part in religious practice and belief. All of these artifacts describe that Asherah was a powerful fertility goddess. As time passed, and over centuries, Asherah has been carefully edited out by authors who put bible texts together, to clear the way for focus on the worship of a single male god, Yahweh.
  • Asherah: Was God’s wife edited out of the Bible? – Christy Choi (bharatabharati.wordpress.com)

    “What remains of God’s purported other half are clues in ancient texts, amulets and figurines unearthed primarily in an ancient Canaanite coastal city, now in modern-day Syria. Inscriptions on pottery found in the Sinai desert also show Yahweh and Asherah were worshipped as a pair, and a passage in the Book of Kings mentions the goddess as being housed in the temple of Yahweh.” – Christy Choi
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    “Traces of her remain, and based on those traces … we can reconstruct her role in the religions of the Southern Levant,” he told Discovery News.

    Yahweh & AsherahAsherah, he says, was an important deity in the Ancient Near East, known for her might and nurturing qualities. She was also known by several other names, including Astarte and Istar. But in English translations Ashereh was translated as “sacred tree.”

    “This seems to be in part driven by a modern desire, clearly inspired by the Biblical narratives, to hide Asherah behind a veil once again,” Wright says.

  • Know Your Bible Lesson 14: Ahab & Elijah (Period 5) (924jeremiah.wordpress.com)
    By now we’ve learned that wives have a powerful spiritual influence over their husbands. Every time the Israelite men jump in the sack with some idolatrous women, they turn away from Yahweh to worship other gods. We saw this happen during the wilderness journey in Period 2, and we saw King Solomon take himself down by collecting lovers from all over the pagan world. We’re going to see this pattern again with Ahab, but somehow we get the feeling that Ahab knows what he’s doing when he rushes out to marry a sexy Baal worshiper.
  • Celebrating the Wiccan Way on Litha (anytimecostumes.com)
    Held on June 21st, the longest day of the year, this exciting holiday is a celebration of light, power, fertility, and nature. It’s meant to honor the Sun God when he is at his strongest and the Goddess pregnant with life before the harvest. It’s a bittersweet occasion as well, though–once it ends, the days begin to get shorter and shorter, marking the decline summer and the beginning of winter.
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    There are a few different stories Wiccans retell during the Litha Sabbat (holy day).
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    Since it’s a time of fertility and communion, marriages and handfastings are often held on Litha. One of its bynames–Vestalia–comes from the Roman goddess Vesta, the ruler of the hearth, and so, marriage. Juno, the goddess of union, is also the presiding deity over June, making it a popular day for couples to tie the knot…or jump the broom, depending on your preference.
  • Asherah, Part I: The lost bride of Yahweh (pterprof.wordpress.com) > Asherah, Part I: The lost bride of Yahweh + Asherah, Part II. + Asherah, Part III: The Lion Lady « Queen of Heaven

    The archaelogical record suggests that Asherah was the Mother Goddess of Israel, the Wife of God, according to William Dever, who has unearthed many clues to her identity. She was worshiped, apparently throughout the time Israel stood as a nation.  In many homes, images like the one above decorated household shrines.

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    In Ugarit, She was known as Athiratu Yammi, She who Treads on the Sea.  This suggests She was responsible for ending a time of chaos represented by the primordial sea and beginning the process of creation.  The Sea God, or Sea Serpent Yam is the entity upon which She trod.  In a particularly bizarre and suggestive passage in the Bible, 2 Kings 18:4, one monotheistic reformer, pursuing the typical course of smashing sacred stones and cutting down Asherahs records this additional fact: He broke into pieces the bronze snake Moses had made, for up to that time the Israelites had been burning incense to it. (It was called Nehushtan.)

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    Asherah, Part II: The serpent’s bride

    In Minoan Crete a mysterious goddess bearing serpents is very ancient; in classical Greece, Athena, Goddess of Wisdom, bears the serpent covered head of Medusa on her shield.  Throughout ancient Canaan, images can be found of a goddess holding or surrounded by serpents.  Some believe she is Astarte (the Canaanite version of Ishtar, who is in turn the Babylonian version of Inanna).  Inanna is said to have stolen the me, the magical tablets of wisdom, from Enki, and to have delivered that knowledge to her own people. Others believe the Canaanite serpent goddess is Asherah, in part because this goddess is often depicted standing on a lion and Asherah is also called the Lion Lady (a topic for another day).
    Asherah, Part III: The Lion Lady « Queen of Heaven
    The flower and the nudity are natural symbols of fertility; the snake is associated with wisdom. This fits with the archaelogical evidence that Asherah was worshiped by the Canaanites and later Israelites as the Mother Goddess and the Tree of Life.  (See Asherah Part I and Part II.) But why is Asherah the Lion Lady?

  • Asherah, Part I: The lost bride of Yahweh (farpointe.wordpress.com) Originally posted on Queen of Heaven
    They worshiped Her under every green tree, according to the Hebrew Bible (what Christians call the Old Testament).  The Bible also tells us Her image was to be found for years in the temple of Solomon, where the women wove hangings for Her.  In temple and forest grove, Her image was apparently made of wood, since monotheistic reformers demanded it be chopped down and burned.  It appears to have been a manmade object, but one carved of a tree and perhaps the image was a stylized tree of some kind.
  • Know Your Bible Lesson 13: Warring Kingdoms (Period 5) (924jeremiah.wordpress.com)
    In Lesson 10, we learned about how there are two different series of books which give us chronological summaries of the kings of Israel. One is the Samuel-Kings series, and the other is the Chronicles series.
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    David’s line is the true royal line—anyone else is just an imposter. The only time we hear about the kings of the north in 2 Chronicles is when they have an interaction with the kings of the south. So Chronicles is about the kings of Judah, while the author of Kings leaps back and forth between the two nations.